To put it simply, if you’ve ever had a problem with alcohol, it’s very likely that you’re still deficient in magnesium. If you drink caffeinated beverages such as coffee, tea and soda regularly, your risk for magnesium deficiency is increased. Magnesium levels are controlled in the body in large part by the kidneys, which filter and excrete excess magnesium and other minerals. But caffeine causes the kidneys to release extra magnesium regardless of body status. According to population studies of average magnesium intake, there’s a good chance that you’re not.

magnesium and alcoholism

In this study, glutamine synthetase regulation seemed to improve with magnesium supplementation. There were no significant differences in the demographic measures of age and BMI between the cohorts in this study (Table 1); however, Group 2 was heavily weighted to males. The drinking measures, HDD90 and NDD90, were significantly higher in GR.2, and we found statistically significant lower serum magnesium levels in GR.2 (Table 1).

Nutrition Recommendations for Those who Consume Alcohol

One of the key roles of magnesium is its contribution to the production and transport of energy. It does this by converting food into ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the body’s main source of energy. This process is essential for the proper functioning of cells and organs throughout the body. The information we provide while responding to comments is not intended to provide and does not constitute medical, legal, or other professional advice.

What vitamin do alcoholics lack?

Chronic alcoholic patients are frequently deficient in one or more vitamins. The deficiencies commonly involve folate, vitamin B6, thiamine, and vitamin A. Although inadequate dietary intake is a major cause of the vitamin deficiency, other possible mechanisms may also be involved.

Salmon is also high in protein, supplying a whopping 22 g in each 3-ounce (oz), or 85-g, cooked serving, which may help slow the absorption of alcohol (15). Oats double as a great source of fiber and protein, both of which support feelings of fullness and ease the effects of alcohol (6, 7). Since alcohol lowers inhibitions and has been shown to enhance appetite, choosing a filling meal before a night of drinking may be a smart way to minimize cravings later on (5). Conversely, selecting other foods can end up causing bloating, dehydration, heartburn, and indigestion.

Types of electrolyte imbalance

Magnesium (Mg) deficiency occurs frequently in chronic alcoholism and may contribute to the increased incidence of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease seen in this population. Mg deficiency may contribute to increased bone loss by its effects on mineral homeostasis. In Mg depletion, there is often hypocalcemia due to impaired parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, as well as renal and skeletal resistance to PTH action. These changes are seen with even mild degrees of Mg deficiency and may contribute to the metabolic bone disease seen in chronic alcoholics.

  • KP and HA planned and designed the study, organized and supervised the data collection and finalized the manuscript together.
  • When the body lacks sufficient magnesium, it can lead to a range of symptoms that affect both the physical and psychological well-being of an individual.
  • A 63-year-old Japanese male with chronic alcoholism was referred to the Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism for examination and treatment of hypokalemic periodic paralysis.
  • Including these foods in the diet can help increase magnesium intake and support recovery from alcohol addiction.

We need between 300 and 400 milligrams of magnesium a day, according to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Magnesium is actually the seventh most popular dietary supplement among supplement users, according to a recent survey by, and with good reason. In conclusion, magnesium deficiency is prevalent in individuals with alcoholism and can have significant effects on their physical and mental well-being.

Magnesium Dosage

Thus the study group represents those alcohol withdrawal symptoms patients that can be treated in units providing conventional routine outpatient care. Ethical approval for the trial was granted by the Ethics Committee of the Helsinki and Uudenmaa Hospital District (Dno 80/E7/2002). One-way ANOVA was used to evaluate demographic and drinking history measures. Univariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to evaluate differences in the magnesium levels in both the groups and by sex within the liver injury groups.